Dietary Management of IBS
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a functional bowel disorder with typical symptoms including abdominal cramping/pain, gas, bloating, constipation and diarrhea. The primary dietary intervention to manage IBS is a low FODMAP diet. FODMAP is an acronym for several categories of fermentable carbohydrates which can induce digestive symptoms in susceptible individuals. The diet involves a stepwise approach with 3 phases. restriction, reintroduction and personalization. The objective is to identify which type of carbohydrates trigger IBS symptoms so that the least restrictive diet possible can be followed longer term. Approximately 60-80% of people with IBS experience an improvement in their symptoms with employment of a low FODMAP diet. It can be a bit complex to implement, therefore those wishing to try out a low FODMAP diet are best served by receiving guidance from a Registered Dietitian with expertise in this area.